1. Understand how colors are formed
Primary colors (red, blue and yellow) form the base of the chromatic circle.
- The secondary (green, orange and violet) resulting from the mixture of two primary.
- The tertiaries are obtained by mixing a primary color and a secondary color (orange-yellow, orange-red, purplish red).
2. The role of complementary colors
The complementary ones are diametrically opposite on the chromatic circle; Although they are very contrasted, they harmonize.
- Those that follow each other (like colors) are also considered harmonious.
- Finally, those which appear together in nature generally agree, whatever their place in the chromatic circle.
- To succeed in decorating a room, it is not enough to choose the color of the walls and the ceiling. Furniture, household linen and accessories must fit in the same chromatic harmony.
3. Enlarge or shrink a room
A judicious choice of colors makes it possible to enlarge a piece or to give it an impression of height. Conversely, some shades can help create a more warm and intimate atmosphere in a very large or high ceiling space.
- To give more generous proportions to a small room, choose bright colors.
- Dark, warm colors — dark red, for example — create a cozy atmosphere in a large room.
4. A higher or lower ceiling
- The ceiling will appear higher if it is darker than the walls. Be sure to follow the line between the walls and the ceiling!
- To give the impression that a ceiling is less high, paint it with a dark color. The lower part of the walls can remain clear, with a gradient increasingly darker upwards. On the other hand, if the color clears from bottom to top, the piece will look higher.
5. Make a room less or more closely
- A narrow room will look wider if you paint long walls with light colors.
- Conversely, a wide room will look narrower if the long walls are painted with dark colors.
6. Energy saving
- Walls painted in light, warm colors require less lighting, which saves energy.
7. Choose color of furniture and accessories
- Start by choosing a base color, adapted to both your tastes and the vocation of the room, which you can decline in all tones according to the walls, carpets and curtains.
- For furniture and accessories, stay in matching colors, unless you prefer an additional shade that punctuates the piece of color keys.
- You can also play the card of elegance with tone on tone (several shades of the same color).
- It is also possible to combine two matching colors which are side by side in the chromatic circle.
- Do you want to combine colors of different intensities? Caution! A sustained color next to a pastel color obliges the eye to adapt each time it passes from light to dark. This can create an optical discomfort and make the room feel less pleasant.
- If you choose white or gray as your base color, add a few red, green, blue or even pink touches, such as a couch, cushions, vases, paintings or other accessories.
If you hesitate, ask advice in a specialized store, to avoid decoration either too monotonous or too flashy.